How Pigmentation Develops on the Face

Pigmentation, also known as Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that causes particular areas of the skin to turn darker in color. The condition is usually harmless and can affect all skin types and races. It is caused when there is too much melanin present on the surface of the skin. There are two main forms of pigmentation: Hyperpigmentation and Hypopigmentation. Both are very common and usually harmless, however, they can often be embarrassing for the person that has the condition.

Hyperpigmentation occurs when patches of skin become darker in color than normal. The darkening effect typically happens when there is an excessive amount of the pigment Melanin on the skin. Melanin is important because it provides the skin with its natural healthy color. When too much is deposited on the skin’s surface, dark, unnatural-looking patches begin to show up. There are several different conditions behind how pigmentation develops. They include Melasma, Chloasma, Sun Damage, Freckles, Medication, Emotional Distress, and certain diseases such as Jaundice and Cyanosis. 

 

Skin Pigmentation diagram

Hypopigmentation is the opposite of hyperpigmentation and the result of the reduction of melanin production in the body. This condition can cause patches of skin to appear lighter than normal. The three main causes of this decrease of melanin are Sun Damage, Vitillgo, and Albinism. Other skin issues such as a recent skin infection, blister, burn, or other type of skin trauma can also cause a loss of pigmentation to occur, however, this type of hypopigmentation is usually only temporary, although it does take a long time for the skin to return back to normal.
Sun Damage is one of the leading causes of pigmentation and can provoke an increase or decrease of melanin on the surface of the skin. Anyone who spends a large amount of time in the sun should take the time to learn more about the different types of pigmentation and how to treat them (see Shakura). The best way to prevent this type of skin damage is to always apply sunscreen with a high SPF level when you are going to be out in the sun for several hours. Once you have developed either Hypopigmentation or Hyperpigmentation, there are a number of treatment options available.

 

Hypopigmentation

Hypopigmentation

 

You can reduce the appearance of your skin pigmenatation naturally by rubbing a slice of potato on your skin on a daily basis. A mixture of potato juice and fuller’s earth can also help to reduce dark spots. Lemon or Lime juice is also known to be helpful for minimizing skin discoloration. You can slice a lemon and squeeze out the juice, then mix it with one to two teaspoons of honey. Apply the mixture to your face or other areas that are affected by pigmentation.

A mixture of one tablespoon turmeric power and lemon juice can also provide good, natural results for dark colored skin. The mixture should be left on the affected area for 15 minutes and then washed off with cold water. It should not be used immediately after sun exposure.

There are many other natural ways to treat skin pigmentation issues. Ingredients such as Guava, Banana, Aloe Vera, avocadoes or even milk can be used to create a healing mask that will restore your skin’s natural beauty while replenishing it with moisture. If natural remedies do not seem to be doing the trick for your skin condition, your dermatologist can recommend or prescribe the right type of product that will help restore your skin back to its natural tone.