Galvanic Corrosion and The Little Charges that Save Our Ships

Corrosion has been a significant problem since the use of metals in pipes and marine structures began. In fact, chemists and engineers have studied the problem since Sir Humphry Davy presented the first research on the subject to the Royal Society in 1824.

Today, metals are better protected than ever. A chemical process, called galvanic corrosion, bonds a sacrificial metal onto the surface of the core structural metal. Corrosion then attacks the sacrificial metal first, sparing the core structure.

How Cathodic Protection Systems Work

Galvanic corrosion is a process that submerses two metals in an electrolyte substance. The sacrificial, more easily corroded, metal is bonded to the core structure metal using electric current.

This simple but effective technique enables a sacrificial metal to become an anode, a positively charged electrode. A protected metal then becomes a cathode, a negatively charged electrode.

The Cost of Corrosion

The economic and personal costs of corrosion are high and can be devastating both for public health and the environment. The following applications are just a few of the more important uses for galvanic corrosion.
• Pipelines. At the top of the list of structures requiring significant protection from corrosion are pipelines carrying potentially valuable or harmful substances. Whether natural gas, oil, water or chemicals, structural integrity is of the highest importance.
• Marine Structures. The lifespans of structures surrounded by salt water, such as jetties and other harbour structures, are greatly improved by galvanic corrosion techniques.
• Boats and Ships. The first work on cathodic protection systems addressed the integrity of the earliest iron vessels. Now, to protect the vessel’s metal, galvanic anodes are attached to the hulls and replaced regularly.

Problems Associated with Galvanic Corrosion

The galvanic corrosion process is far from perfect. In addition to regular maintenance, the following are some of the more immediate challenges.

•Escape of Hydrogen Ions. If the process is improperly applied, it will produce atomic hydrogen. Hydrogen gas cannot penetrate the metals, but the smaller hydrogen atoms can do so. This causes an effect known as “hydrogen embrittlement” which causes early metal failure.
•Disbonding. Excessive polarization of the anode and cathode systems occurs in metals that have imbalanced charges. The bonding between the metals is thereby compromised.
•Shielding Problems. Cathodic systems are compromised if substances such as tapes, sleeves or solid film coatings are used on pipes. Those substances are highly resistive to the electrical charges that keep the cathodic system intact.

Cathode protection systems may seem complicated and esoteric. When faced with the environmental disaster of a chemical pipeline break or the sinking of a ship, however, it is good for everyone to have a better idea of what happened, who is at fault and how to fix it.

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Chemical Skin Peeling Treatments: Yes or No?

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The texture and appearance of someone’s skin is something that we notice almost immediately. It is the first thing that we see and it shapes how we see everything else about a person. The firmness and smoothness of a person’s skin can affect how their other features appear. To improve the health and look of one’s skin, many people have turned to chemical skin peeling treatments.

 

Why Skin Peeling Treatments?

Skin peeling treatments are used for a variety of cosmetic and dermatological reasons. It improves the look of skin that has had sun damage, reduces the appearance of wrinkles and makes scars and skin sagging less noticeable. The type of chemical peel chosen will likely be determined by the severity of skin damage that is hoped to be reversed or lessened.

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Types of Skin Peels

A superficial peel typically involves a mild acid and only deals with the first layer of skin. This type of peel will make your face, neck and/or hands feel refreshed and soft. Superficial peels can fade slight discolorations in the skin and helps to remove any rough skin in the area by causing the skin to exfoliate and shed.

A medium or moderate peel penetrates not only the top layer of skin, but also the middle layer as well. This allows for greater effects but require stronger chemicals for deep penetration. Medium peels are used to fade age and sun damage spots, smooth fine lines and wrinkles, and reduce the appearance of freckles. This type of skin peel is occasionally used as a treatment for certain precancerous skin growths.

Deep peels, as you can imagine, deeply effects and alters the middle layer of the skin by removing damaged cells and leaving skin looking healthy and rejuvenated. This peel yields very dramatic results. However, this particular skin peel can only be done on the face and can only be performed once.

 

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What to Expect from Chemical Skin Peeling Treatments

While some mild burning, itching, and discomfort is to be expected when removing several layers of skin cells, most people do not describe chemical peels as painful. As the skin begins to adjust to the presence of the chemicals and the removal of damaged cells, these effects will decrease. The stronger the chemical peel, the more severe the side effects are likely to be. Stinging and swelling have been reported after deep peels. Certain ointments and creams can be used to ease discomfort and your physician may be able to prescribe medications to manage side effects.

If you are considering getting a chemical skin peel, it is crucial that you consult a physician to make sure a chemical skin treatment is the right choice for your skin. If you are hesitant because you are unsure of the level of discomfort you will experience, make sure to ask for the most gentle option available and perhaps work your way up. Begin with a superficial peel and see what kind of effects you see in the health and appearance of your skin. The important thing is that you are happy with how your skin looks.

 

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6 Tips for Experincing Kuala Lumpur like a Local

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Kuala Lumpur is one of the most exciting destinations in Asia. There is so much to see and do while you are there that it is impossible to get bored. To truly experience the city in all of its glory, it pays to approach the city from the viewpoint of a local resident. The citizens of Kuala Lumpur know the city’s true joys. If you want to have an incredible time during a holiday in Kuala Lumpur, here is a look at the six best ways to experience the city like a local.

1. Experience a Bar in the Sky

If you are a fan of the nightlife, there is no better place to go in Kuala Lumpur than the Heli Lounge Bar. It is a place where you will see mostly locals.

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Few tourists are aware of it. Located 35 floors up in one of the city’s ubiquitous high rises, this is the perfect place to sip on a delicious cocktail as you watch one of Kuala Lumpur’s legendary sunsets.

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A view from Heli Lounge Bar

 

2. See the Petronas Twin Towers

The most famous attractions in the city are the Petronas Twin Towers. They are a draw for locals and tourists alike, Featured in many Hollywood movies, these incredible towers will give you an incredible view from the 86th floor observation deck. 79120881687c41f0f1f1547c87b0596c

While you are up there, you can walk on the highest skywalk in the world between the two towers. There is also a lovely park next door that is a great place to reflect on the magnificence of the Petronas Twin Towers.

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3. Drive Around and Explore

Citizens of the city are known for their sense of adventure. It you truly want to get into the spirit of a local exploration, get a discount taxi with the MyTeksi promo code and set out without an agenda. Have the driver take you around to see the sites he recommends. You may just want to tell him to drive around to the areas of the city he considers the most beautiful. When you see someplace intriguing, hop out of the taxi and dive into the adventure.

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4. Eat like a Local

They say that the people of Kuala Lumpur are already thinking about what they are going to eat for lunch while they are eating breakfast. Food is an obsession in this city. They love all kinds of food, but they are truly proud of their street foods. If you want to sample some of the best street food that Kuala Lumpur has to offer, head to the corner of Jalan Sultan and Chinatown to experience some of the most fantastic Chinese food in the world.

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Julan Sultan

 

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China Town

 

5. See the Sunway Lagoon

Another spot where you will see more locals than tourists is at Sunway Lagoon. Located about 45 minutes from the city centre, this extraordinary place has an ice rink, artificial surf beach and volcano all in one spot.

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A trip to Kuala Lumpur is an epic adventure. If you want to truly experience the magic of the city, follow these five tips to experience it like a local. Embrace your sense of adventure, and you will have the holiday of a lifetime.

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Ice Rink

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Surf Beach

 

 

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Why Should You Pay for Cloud Servers?

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Whether you’re a large business with many locations or an online business, chances are that you rely heavily on servers and hosted solutions. While it may seem easier to host your own servers in-house, there are many benefits to cloud servers over other more traditional options.

 

Enjoy the Flexibility of Cloud Servers

The cloud offers many degrees of flexibility that you simply cannot find with dedicated or self-hosted servers. Whether you simply need to run a high-traffic website, or you need to host web applications for your business, the cloud can adapt to your constantly changing business needs. If you go from needing very little processing power one month, to needing four times as much processing power the next month, the cloud can adapt to this with very little cost. Rather than having to purchase additional servers, you can simply increase the amount of power you need. In the same sense, if the next month you start needing less processing power, you can simply downgrade your processing power rather than being left with servers that are too powerful for your needs.

Lower Operating Costs

Having to host your own servers brings a wide variety of expenses. Electricity costs, water costs for cooling, building costs, and security costs all play a role when you host your own servers. When you host your needs in the cloud, all of those expenses fall on the data centre managing the cloud. Plus, without having to have room for servers, you’re left with extra space if you already have an office. Since you don’t have to hire someone to manage your servers either, that money can be spent on other resources or employees.

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Lower Operating Costs

 

Your Servers Move With You

When you use the cloud, your servers move with you no matter where you go. Business relocation is complicated enough, and having to move servers and deal with downtime just makes it more complicated. You can access your loud servers from anywhere in the world, meaning that if you want to move your business across the country or across the world you can continue to stay online with your customers 100 % of the time during the move.

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Access your loud servers from anywhere

 

Backed up and Managed For You

When you take advantage of the cloud, you will no longer have to worry about performing daily, weekly, or monthly backups. No one will have to be held responsible when someone asks where the backup is after a data crash. The cloud can manage all of your backups for you based on your specifications and demands. Also, you can ensure that your software remains up to date to keep you on the cutting edge and ensure that your servers are running the most up to date virus protection.

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Manage all of your backups

 

 

Take Advantage Today!

As you can see, there are many strong benefits to taking advantage of the cloud. Not only will your overall operating costs be lower, but all your maintenance, security, and hosting will be managed by someone else so you can worry about what’s important: running your business. Migrating to the cloud may seem like a lot of work, but once you’ve tried it, you’ll never want to go back. If you’re ready to take advantage of the cloud, or you just want more information, you can learn more at exabytes.sg.

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5 Reasons Why You Should Consider a Degree in Law

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Pursuing a law degree is an admirable career choice. Anyone who is searching for a professional career will appreciate the opportunities that come with this vocation. Here are 5 reasons to consider earning a degree in law.

 

Professional Status

                                                       Build a professional status for yourself.

 

Professional status.

Barristers are regarded with a high degree of professionalism and respect. They work closely with court officials in matters of jurisprudence. With a broad understanding of the legal system, they are competent in a variety of matters pertaining to the law.

 

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Law study has respectable income after graduate from your job scope.

 

Respectable income.

Many barristers earn sizable incomes in their profession. Of course, it depends on where they are employed and the type of clients they work with, but generally speaking, it is a job that pays well. There is no shortage of positions, either, so graduates should have no problem finding a job.

 

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Challenging await for you in the future.

 

Interesting work.

Learning about the governing laws and applying them to real-life situations can make for a fascinating workday. Areas of specialization include criminal law, domestic matters, and immigration issues, among many others. Whatever a person’s career interests, there is likely a branch of law that operates within that framework. Thus, a legal career offers many different types of work that may be organizational or privatized.

 

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Lending a hand to the people who need helps with your professional knowledge.

 

Helping others.

A legal career often entails helping those in trouble with the law. Many are innocent, and this must be proven in court. Others are guilty but deserve fair and equal consideration of their crimes with a suitable rather than excessive punishment. Even children can end up in court in need of legal representation. Dying patients, the unemployed, and elderly persons seeking financial support from the government are just a few examples of potential clients for those representing the law.

 

Advancement opportunities.

Those who practice law may decide to advance in another direction at some point. This may involve becoming the legal voice of a company or rising through the legal ranks to become a member of government. Travel may be involved in larger-scale legal cases, along with the opportunity to work with high profile clients.

A legal career can be deeply satisfying and helpful to others. For these and other reasons, consider law studies as a meaningful career option.

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3 Things to Look For in Your Next Rental Home

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There are many reasons why you may be searching for a new place to live. You may need more space, want a lower rental payment, desire a space that is closer to where you work or want something else in your new home. While there may be benefits associated with relocating to a new home, you want your space to meet all of your needs. Therefore, when you are searching for houses for rent in Singapore, consider looking for these three criteria to make a better rental decision.

 

Ample Storage Space

You may easily narrow down your search for houses for rent based on factors like the number of bedrooms and bathrooms in the home. However, many people do not pay attention to the storage space when searching for a new place to live. Everything from the number and size of closets to the height and depth of the kitchen cabinets can impact how comfortable you are in your new space. When you do not have space for all of your belongings, you simply will not feel at home. Take a closer look at your current home’s storage areas, and focus on how empty or full they are. This will help you to determine if the homes that you are currently looking at have the storage space that you need.

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Easy Care and Maintenance

Some materials in a home are easier for you to care for than others. You want your rental home to look great, but you do not want to spend more time than necessary trying to keep it in good condition. When you tour a home that you are thinking about renting, look for homes with easy care flooring options, bathroom feature that you are comfortable keeping clean and other similar features. If the home has a washer and dryer connection in it, look for a home that has the laundry room close to the bedrooms for ease of use.

 

Adequate Parking Areas

A final point to consider when you are trying to find the right home to live in is parking. If you own your own vehicles, you want to select a home that has suitable parking spaces for your needs. Some may have a garage or private driveway for you to park y our cars. Others may require you to park along the street. Ensure that the street is not too crowded. The last thing that you want is to be unable to find a parking spot close to where you live on a regular basis. This can make your living experience unpleasant and even frustrating at times.

Many people who are searching for a rental home in Singapore are looking for a space that has affordable rent and that has a certain number of bedrooms and bathrooms. However, if you want to be truly happy in your next home, you should also consider paying attention to each of these points as you tour properties and make your selection.

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3 Easy Morning Breakfast Recipes To Get You Out The Door in a Jiffy!

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These easy breakfast ideas to impress will make your family feel like it’s the weekend again—even on Monday morning. Many of these recipes require a little prep time the night before to ensure the morning goes by without a food hitch.

 

Simple French Toast

French toast is one of the easiest recipes you can make in the morning. Though it seems complicated, French toast can be ready in under 15 minutes and is packed with protein, whole grains and calcium. To make this easy French toast, all you’ll need are two slices of whole wheat bread, one egg, two tablespoons of F&N UHT milk, cinnamon and vanilla extract. Crack the egg into a flat, wide bowl or casserole dish.

Use a fork to whisk the egg so the white and the yolk mix together. Add the milk, a dash of cinnamon and one-half teaspoon of vanilla extract and mix together. Spray non-stick cooking spray on a medium-sized skillet and place over a burner on medium heat. Once the pan is hot, dip one slice of bread in the egg mixture.

Flip the bread and dip the other side, making sure both sides are evenly coated. Cook the bread in the skillet for two minutes until golden brown and flip to cook on the other side. Repeat with the second slice of bread. Top your French toast with berries and powdered sugar or drizzle with agave. When your kids wake up on Monday morning, they’ll be so excited, they’ll think it’s the weekend again.

 

Easy Overnight Oatmeal 

Forget any prep time in the morning by making this easy oatmeal the night before. For this recipe, you’ll need one-third cup of rolled oats, one-half cup of F&N UHT milk, a single-serving container of your favorite Greek yogurt, your favorite fruits (apples and cranberries work well), chopped into small pieces and a dash of cinnamon and nutmeg.

In a Mason jar, add all the ingredients together and stir well. Close the jar and place it in the refrigerator before you go to bed at night. In the morning, you’ll have a healthy and nutritious breakfast that is full of protein, fiber, calcium and other nutrients. This is the perfect easy breakfast to take on the go.

 

Easy Eggs Benedict 

Sometimes a savory breakfast in the morning is exactly what you’re craving. Try this easy eggs benedict to keep your morning routine a breeze. The night before, make two hardboiled eggs. Place eggs in a small saucepan and cover with water, pour a tablespoon of salt over the eggs. Cook eggs on high and bring to a boil. Let the eggs cook for five minutes per egg and remove from the heat. Run cold water over the eggs, peel them and store in an air-tight container. In a re-sealable container, mix a tablespoon of mayonnaise, a teaspoon of mustard together. Add a squeeze of lemon and a teaspoon of safflower oil. Mix together until the sauce is velvety and smooth.

In the morning, toast an English muffin. Put a slice of tomato on each English muffin half. Slice the hardboiled eggs into thin slices and arrange on top of the English muffins. Place the English muffins on a broiler pan, and sprinkle one-quarter cup parmesan cheese on top.

Slide the pan into a toaster oven or underneath the broiler in your oven and let broil until the cheese melts. Remove the broiler pan, and arrange the English muffins on a plate. Drizzle the sauce over the egg and cover. Let sit for a few minutes. When you remove the cover, the sauce should be just warm enough, and the English muffins and egg should have cooled a little.

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6 Ways for Women to Make Their Legs Look Beautiful

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One of the most troublesome areas for women is their legs. If you feel like it takes you a lot of work to get your legs looking beautiful, you are not alone. Women all over the world from supermodels to housewives are always fretting about how to get their legs looking gorgeous. After all, your legs make up half of your body. And when summer rolls around, you want your legs to look good from your booty to your toes. To help you accomplish this, here are six tips you can use to ensure that your legs look gorgeous.

 

1. Perfecting Your Colour

First of all, it you are still using tanning beds to get your legs the right colour, you need to stop immediately. Research has shown that the legs are highly susceptible to melanoma, and there is no sense of risking cancer. There are much easier and safer ways to get your legs the golden shade you wish for.

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You can use a lotion or spray that will instantly colour your legs. You can also use a self-tanner that gives more lasting results, but it will take at least eight hours to take full effect. The best option is to get a professional spray tan.

 

2. Treat Cellulite

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Even world-famous celebrities aren’t immune to cellulite as many of them have had exposed publicly from the horrible attention of the paparazzi. Exercise helps, but you may need to use a cream for home cellulite treatment. If you visit a dermatologist, you can get a professional filler cellulite treatment that will give you instant results.

 

3. Exercise

Of course, the best way to get your legs looking beautiful is to exercise regularly. There are many forms of exercise that will get your legs looking great. One of the best is yoga, which will tone and lengthen your legs, creating that gorgeous look that every woman wants. Running, stair climbing and strength training can also shape your legs well.

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4. Shaving Your Legs

If you shave your legs, you should do it at the end of your shower when your skin is soft. This will help to prevent ingrown hairs and irritation. Make sure you use a shaving gel, which will also help prevent irritation.

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5. Waxing

If you have can take a bit of pain, there is no better way to get a smooth look for your legs than waxing. Getting your legs waxed will avoid that stubbly look that is so annoying, and it will last for much longer than simply shaving. If you take a mild analgesic a half hour before you wax, it will help to dull the pain.

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6. Moisturise Your Legs

One of the most overlooked ways to get your legs looking great is to moisturise them daily. You can kill two birds with one stone if you use a moisturiser that includes a tanning compound to gives you colour as your moisturise. You should use a moisturiser every day to keep the skin on your legs silky smooth to the touch. In addition, make sure that you always use a moisturiser with an SPF of at least 15 in order to protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun.

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Your legs can get you a lot of attention if you take care of them well. It may seem like a lot of work to get your legs looking beautiful, but it is well worth the effort. If you follow these six tips, you will find that your legs are looking gorgeous when you show them off at the beach or a backyard barbecue this summer.

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5 Essential Traits Of Law School Applicants

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Law school is one of the most ambitious and rewarding academic paths, but it is not for the faint of heart. If you plan to study law in college and obtain a law degree, there are a few things you must consider as minimum qualifications of a law student. Of course, having a quality GPA and top notch testing scores are expected if you want to get into a good school. Here are five successful traits of law school applicants that may prove useful if you are planning to embark on the journey of legal study.

 

1. Intellectual curiosity

While your GPA and schooling scores will speak for themselves about your pursuit of knowledge, law schools like to see that you have a drive to pursue more than just excellence in grades, such as topics that are related to the field. If you can put work toward a thesis, or have any experience doing research under a professor, these kinds of things will stand out on your application since lawyers spend much of their time researching and analyzing complex scenarios.

 

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Ethics is important for personal and academic careers of a lawyer.

 

2. Ethics

Lawyers are held to an especially strict moral code, and their ethics are the foundation of their career. One serious blow can lead to disbarment. No law school would want to be associated with such a case. This is why it is important to hold high ethics in both your personal and academic careers, and in your day to day life.

 

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Learn it with passion, don learn it for money!

 

3. Passion

Having a personal and quality reason you are pursuing law is essential to your application and chances of admittance to the program. Many apply to law school for reasons other than a passion to pursue law, such as being unable to find employment or thinking a law degree will provide them with a high paying salary. Setting yourself apart from this crowd is important, and pinpointing a time in your life when you realized law was meant for you is a place to start.

 

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Remain calm and think clearly even when you are in a situation.

 

4. Resilience

Lawyers are often up against seemingly impossible odds, and the ability to remain calm and think clearly and positively is a quality that is essential to a lawyer. Admission committees will be looking for those who have faced and overcome significant challenges. Provide examples of these in your admission essays.

 

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Qualities of a leader!

 

5. Leadership

Lastly, an additional quality that is needed for a law degree is leadership. Law schools highly value this trait, as it entails your ability to organize, communicate, and be assertive. Experience in leadership can be attained through internships, school clubs and activities, and community events. These are the qualities that will make you an excellent law school applicant. Learn more at bac.edu.my.

 

Tips Before You Get Your MBA or Law Degree

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Inspecting Second Hand Cars: What To Check Before Buying

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To save yourself time and agony of looking at more second hand cars than necessary, here are some steps to help you find that hidden gem in the market.

Before you get behind the wheel, your first step should be inspecting the outside of the vehicle.

 

External Inspection

Start by checking for obvious problems such as crooked lines, body panels and seams that don’t line up properly, and discrepancies in shades of paint from one section to another. Run your hand over the body of the car to feel for bulges, rough patches, or bumps. These are all clues to body work that may have been performed.

Look for rust. Some minor rusting is to be expected on second hand cars, but major rust patches or rust on the frame are not good signs.

Check all of the glass on the vehicle for cracks, nicks, and loose or worn out weather seals. Don’t forget to check the headlamp, as a leaky headlamp will become cloudy and less effective over time.

Car-condition

Your next step will be to check the tires. It is worthwhile to invest in a tread depth gauge which can be purchased for around £5, but if you don’t have one on hand you can use a 20p coin. Insert the coin into the tread. If the outer band of the coin is showing, the tread is too low. Check all around each tyre to make sure the wear is even. If you find uneven wear, this can indicate problems with the alignment, ball joints, or even more serious issues.

Open the bonnet and take a look at the engine. If you see oil built up on outside of the engine this likely indicates an oil leak. Now locate and remove the dipstick. The oil should look clean and at the proper fill level indicated on the dipstick. Locate the tanks for other fluids such as power steering and radiator which will have fill lines marked outside of the tank, and make sure they are properly filled.

Now to check the boot for the spare tyre, jack, and lug wrench – often these are missing from second hand cars. Inspect the carpeting and under the carpeting for signs of water damage. A previously flooded car will have many issues and is usually not worth the money.

 

Interior Inspection

Check the interior carpeting for signs of flooding as well, and the upholstery for general damage. Turn the ignition to the power position without starting the engine yet to test all internal electrical instruments and switches now so you can give them your full attention. Save the test of the heating and air-conditioning for last.

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Test Drive

On the test drive, leave the radio and air off and listen to the engine. Make sure it is shifting, braking, and accelerating smoothly and evenly, and that it is idling smoothly at a stop. Take both left and right corners and listen for any clunking or odd noises. Check the alignment while on a straight, flat and non-busy street by carefully lightening your grip on the steering to see if the car pulls to one side or the other. Pull over and check the parking brake and reverse gears. Sit for a few minutes, then pull out and if it’s safe get out and look where you just parked. Are there any puddles? On the way back you may check the heating and air-conditioning.

Test-Drive

Follow these steps and you can make a more informed and confident choice of which second hand car to buy.

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